What is Family Planning:
The practice of controlling the number of children one has and the intervals between their births, particularly by means of contraception or voluntary sterilization.
AIM of Family planning:
To control population by accepting different family planning method
Benefits of family planning / contraception:
Preventing pregnancy-related health risks in women
o Delay in pregnancies
o Prevents unplanned pregnancies.
o Family planning ensures healthy mothers and healthy babies.
Broader Benefits of FP/ contraception:
Reducing infant mortality
By spacing pregnancies
Helping to prevent HIV/AIDS
It also helps prevent of AIDS/HIV by using condoms.
Empowering people and enhancing education
A smaller family allows parents to invest more in each child.
Opportunity for women to pursue additional education and participate in public life
Reducing adolescent pregnancies
Contraceptives keeps to prevent adolescent pregnancy.
Slowing population growth
Factors which influence Population Growth
Types of contraception available in health institutions as well as front line workers at free of cost:
Spacing methods / Temporary:
1. Emergency Contraceptive Pills (ECPs)
Method of Contraception that is used within 72 Hrs of unprotected intercourse to prevent pregnancy also called "Morning after" or post-coital contraception.
Reasons for Using Emergency Contraception
A Woman who had an unprotected sex and she wants to prevent pregnancy.
Govt. of Assam provides EC Pills at Govt. Health Institutions free of cost.
When Should ECPs be taken?
The ECPs should be taken as soon as possible should be taken within 72 hours after intercourse.
2. In Tra Uterine Devices (IUDs) Copper-bearing IUDs
Mechanism of action
Prevent sperms and egg from meeting.
Perhaps makes movement of sperm difficult, reduces the ability of sperm to fertilize egg.
Possibly prevents egg from being emplaned in wall of uterus
3. Male Sterilization –Vasectomy
Vasectomy is the safest and effective Family Planning method for male as there are only few contraceptive methods available for male.
How does it Work?
A small opening made in the man's scrotum and the Vas deferens on either side are closed off.
This keeps sperms out of his semen. The man can still have erections and ejaculate semen.
His semen, however, no longer makes a woman pregnant because it has no sperms in it.
Types of female Sterilization Two broad categories: LAPROSCOPY & LAPROTOMY
Procedures for reaching the fallopian tubes (Primarily abdominal)
Minilaparotomy - laparoscopy – laparotomy
Ligation and excision
Mechanical devices such as clips or rings
Very effective method of contraception also Permanent method.
The Laparoscopy procedure
It is outdoor procedure. It is very safe and effective method.
After the procedure, the woman should
Common causes of female sterilization failure
o If pregnancy test not done before sterilization operation
o Incomplete or inadequate occlusion of the fallopian tube.
o Misplacement of mechanical device.